Within applications of relaxometry, protein applications require the most high resolution and sensitivity. Due to the value range of relaxation parameters of biomolecular systems, in addition to the demand for high resolution, a rapid field switch is essential.
Recently, high-field static NMR becomes insufficient for biological system studies. Protein dynamics investigation requires field-dependent term in relaxation rate to extract the parameters in molecular motions. To understand the spectra density function of protein dynamics, field-dependent longitudinal relaxation becomes an essential study in many biological systems [A. Refield, Journal of Biomolecular NMR 52(2):159-77]. In addition to fundamental physics studies of protein dynamics, ligand-based 19F-NMR rescreening was reported as an efficient method for performing ligand binding. 19F longitudinal relaxation in the different magnetic fields uses dynamics properties of ligands to carry out fragment-based screening[C. Dalvit and M. Piotto, Magnetic Resonance in Chemistry 55(2) (2016), DOI: 10.1002/mrc.4500]
The sensitivity and stability of High-Field Field-Cycler (HFFC) have been proofed to apply to protein dynamics investigation in various laboratories. Additionally, the proof of sensitivity has been published in Journal Biomolecular NMR (2016). The system was successfully installed in several commercial spectrometers equipped with different probe systems, including a 5mm cryo-probe system.
The following 15N-1H HSQC 700 MHz spectrum (a) from R1 measurements of 500 μM 15 N-ubiquitin sample, was acquired in 20 minutes under field cycling from 16.5 T to 1.0 T with the relaxation delay time of 48 ms. The used probehead was a 5 mm TCI Bruker cryoprobe. The resonance enclosed by the dashed square shows the sensitivity enhancement by utilizing a higher field spectrometer and cryo-probe system. (b) 1H slices at 121.3 ppm 15N chemical shift corresponding to the long dashed rectangle area of the previous 2D spectrum are displayed in the lower slice. The red slice is extracted from 1.0 T R1 measurement acquired at 600 MHz, and the black is extracted from the same shuttling experiment at 700 MHz.
Chou, CY., Chu, M., Chang, CF. et al. J Biomol NMR (2016) 66: 187. doi:10.1007/s10858-016-0066-5